History Matters – Jacqui Wragg uncovers tales of Victorian striving, Newfoundland and bankruptcy
Jacqui Wragg uncovers a story of Victorian entrepreneurship and Newfoundland connections amongst the Sturminster family. As society enabled the rise of
SpringHead in Fontmell Magna is truly a jewel in the North Dorset Crown. Run by the Springhead Trust a charitable environmental and arts centre it provides a range of opportunities for school children, young people and the local community. It has a special focus successfully promoting environmental awareness and participation in the arts since the Springhead Trust was set up in 1973.
Our main activities include
Residential and day school visits
Providing space for community groups
Holding arts events and demonstrating environmental sustainability.
Last year alone we welcomed over 600 children and young people, and 1,600 visitors to arts, open gardens and other events to Springhead in 2018, giving access to the countryside and to arts and culture.
We also address the need to promote conservation and protection of the natural environment, for example by demonstrating renewable energy and energy saving techniques, and conservation of habitat to improve biodiversity in everything we do.
if you want to know more about these activities click here
Mesolithic worked flints from about 6500 BC – 4000 BC have been found locally. Other local archaeological finds include a Bronze Age bowl barrow on the hill at the head of Longcombe Bottom; a Bronze Age gold ornament; Iron Age defensive ditches and a hoard of Roman coins and broken Roman jewellery and fastenings.
Fontmell (Fontmell Magna) is mentioned in England’s very first charter – The Domesday Survey of 1086. In the survey it is listed as belonging to the Abbess of Shaftesbury with 15 hides of land and three mills, one of which can be presumed to be Springhead, then known as Higher Mill or Estmill, being situated at the east end of the village.
In 1665 it was a fulling mill operated by Henry Monkton. Fulling was the process of washing, shrinking and then drying the long lengths of woven cloth on racks or reeds. However, by the late 18th century it was owned by Samuel Bishop and run as a corn mill by Samuel and his sons, Richard and Joseph until 1832 when the mill passed to Robert Hussey.
By 1881 the corn mill was closed and the buildings were used by the Eclipse Bottle Stopping Machine Company for making Crown bottle tops. But in 1907 its use changed again when it was occupied by the Blackmore Vale Dairy Company for making cheese.
In 1911 Springhead became a private residence, first being owned by Humphrey Springfield and then Harold Squire, an artist.
In 1933 Rolf and Marabel Gardiner bought the estate. As well as being a family home for the couple and their three children, it became a nucleus of a widely extending farm and forestry operation and a centre for the arts and revival of traditional cultures. Rolf Gardiner was one of the pioneers of the organic farming movement and a founder member of the Soil Association.
In 1973 on the death of Rolf Gardiner, the family set up a trust to take forward Rolf and Marabel’s vision for Springhead and to secure it in perpetuity for people from all walks of life.
In 2016 Rosalind Richards, the life tenant of Springhead, and daughter of Rolf and Marabel, died having spent the previous 20 years restoring the gardens. The Springhead Trust took on management of the main house and secured funding for its renovation.
For over 40 years, the Trust was tenant of parts of the estate, and through charging for charitable activities, and providing other services, has been largely self-financing. Ownership of the entire property passed to the Springhead Trust in 2016, following the death of the life tenant, bringing significant responsibilities as well as the opportunity to grow, particularly through the chance to provide more and better accommodation.
Since then we have been able to build our profile and obtain some funding to help maintain the buildings and carry out our core activities. In 2018 a grant enabled us to renovate the listed thatched Springhead House to sleep up to 10. This is now available to let to wedding and other parties, as well as being used an overflow for our school visitors. Some of the rooms have spectacular views over the lake, whilst others overlook the courtyard.
For further information, do please look at our website – www.springheadtrust.org.uk